Parenting practices and styles during the preschool years.
Growing Up in New Zealand
Family and Whanau
The aim of this project is to examine parenting at age 4 ½ years. We will validate the brief measure of parenting by conducting a factor analysis and examining associations with other aspects of parenting (9 months and 2 years). We will also conduct multivariable regression analyses to examine associations with key socio-demographic measures, and consider whether any differences remain significant once other potential confounders are included in the model (e.g., maternal mental health, parental conflict and relationship factors, parenting stress, neighbourhood, social support). Evidence from large representative samples is needed in order to unwrap the potentially complex associations.